The answer depends on who you ask.
The term is broad and encompasses a wide variety of legal activities.
But it also has a history.
The Supreme Court, for instance, ruled in 1892 that a person could not be an immigration attorney without a license from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
The law is vague and can be applied unevenly.
Immigration lawyers are licensed to practice law in all 50 states, but they are barred from representing people in deportation proceedings, for example.
Some lawyers have become well known for taking on high-profile immigration cases.
They are often the ones who represent immigrants who are in the U, but are living in the country illegally and who are seeking asylum or are refugees.
For example, John Estrada, a California immigration attorney, was sued by a Honduran man who claimed he was in the United States illegally and had been living in San Diego for more than a year.
Estradas firm, Loma Vista Immigration, was also named as a defendant in a case brought by the Department of Justice.
In that case, Estrados firm was called as a party to the suit, and it was later discovered that the firm had received funding from the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952.
In 2013, the U (unfortunately) agreed to settle a similar immigration case with the state of California, where the attorney representing a Hondurans wife, who was deported, had received millions of dollars in taxpayer funds from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
That case, also involving a U.K. man, resulted in a $4.5 million settlement.
In another case, the firm of attorney Paul R. Binder was also sued for representing a U-M student who was detained and later deported from Canada, after his family received a visa to stay in the States.
He was subsequently convicted and sentenced to four years in prison.
In some cases, immigration lawyers are allowed to represent people in immigration proceedings in some states.
In others, they are not.
But even the lawyers who do practice immigration law face limits.
A U.N. report found that nearly one-third of all U. S. attorneys in the world were not licensed to represent immigrants in deportation cases.
That report found it is often not possible to find a lawyer who can provide a fair and impartial representation.
In fact, there is a significant risk of prejudice and bias when the U-S.
attorney for a federal district, a district attorney or a federal court office is not licensed, according to a report by the Immigration Legal Clinic at New York University School of Law.
Some U.s. attorneys have faced criticism for allowing immigration lawyers to represent undocumented immigrants in cases that they are also representing in immigration cases in the courtrooms of their local cities, such as a case in New York City in which a New York immigration lawyer was convicted of aiding and abetting the smuggling of more than $1 million in drugs and weapons into the U., according to the New York Daily News.
The American Immigration Lawyers Association, a trade group representing more than 200 U. s attorneys, has long argued that immigration lawyers should be licensed to help people in legal proceedings and should not be allowed to provide a free service that could be used to help criminals.
The association says that the law requires that immigration attorneys who represent people should have their own licenses to practice immigration or immigration law.
In its current form, the bill does not require immigration lawyers licensed by a state to practice outside their state.
S., however, has been moving toward more comprehensive immigration laws.
The last federal bill passed by Congress called for the creation of a uniform national license to represent immigration cases, as well as a uniform license for immigration judges.
The proposed legislation would expand that uniform license to all immigration judges and lawyers in every state, and would create a new licensing agency, called the Immigrant Rights Protection Commission, that would investigate the practice of immigration law and identify abuses.
The bill is not yet a law.
It is currently being worked on in the House of Representatives.
In addition to being a potential boon to immigration lawyers, the legislation also is expected to help reduce the use of ICE detention facilities by making it more difficult to remove people who have not been convicted of a crime or who have been released on bail.
In 2018, ICE removed about 4,300 people from detention in Texas alone.
That represented a 26 percent decline from the same year last year.
The agency says that it has had to reduce the number of people held in detention since the last round of legislation.